How Can Farmers in Rural Uganda Cope With Global Worming

By Mary Nakirya

The photo below shows an area in Butalejja where swamps have been cleared for rice cultivation. Such areas are prone to effects of global worming.

It is obvious that in Uganda there is an increase in the occurrence of extreme weather like storms, floods and droughts which are common in many parts of the country. This in turn has affected the growing and harvesting seasons; distribution and production of fish in ponds, rivers and lakes.

It has also increased the occurrence of pests and diseases which further lead to low crop production. Global worming worsens soil and water degradation. Increased droughts due to global worming critically reduce the amount of food produced.

However farmers can use effective methods to limit this weather damage by adopting and improving farming methods.

• Plant trees to prevent erosion and flooding of especially areas near water bodies.

• Plant crops that are not so much affected by to strong winds e.g. Root crops like yams and cassava.

• It is important that farmers make proper plans before planting so as in case of disaster, they are not badly affected.

• Avoid planting temporary crops on very steep slopes. Plant trees and grass bands to stop erosion.

• Avoid burning because it increases erosion

• Keep land covered with vegetation or mulch at all times. This will save the land even during the time of strong winds and floods.

• Use recommended planting material to establish wind breaks in order to protect the soil and crops from being swept away.

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One response to this post.

  1. Posted by kanakulya on December 6, 2010 at 8:07 am

    In my village so many people are cutting off trees and clearing forests for building and growing crops.

    I wonder if sensitization is possible for them before it worsens.

    However this article is enriching to me.

    Reply

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