Floods; Amenace to farmers?

By Mary Nakirya

A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land, temporary covering it.

It is unfortunate that much as certain areas like swamps, coasts etc flood, the community still continue to buy and settle in such land. The fact these people continue to reside in areas threatened by flood damage is a proof that the apparent values of living near the water go beyond the cost of constant periodic flooding.

The major problems of flooding include:

  • Contamination of water. Clean drinking water becomes scarce.
  • Unhygienic conditions associated with flooded water often leads to diseases.
  • Shortage of food crops can be caused due to loss of harvests and washing away of gardens.
  • Non-tolerant types of trees usually die from suffocation by water.
  • Leads to damage of structure, like bridges, buildings, sewerage systems, roads, etc.
  • Structures like as buildings get damaged due to flood water.
  • People and livestock die due to drowning.

Methods of controlling floods:

  • These methods include planting vegetation to retain extra water.
  • Terracing hillsides to slow flow downhill
  • Construction of man-made channels to divert water and prevent it from flooding

However flooding has some few benefits such as making soil more fertile and providing nutrients in which it is deficient. This increases their farm products leading to improved livelihood.

It also leads to increase in fish which is a very good source of proteins for a farmer.

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