What Farmers Should Know About Soil and How to Avoid Erosion:

A natural forest that has never been disturbed by cutting down of trees, ploughing of land, burning or killing of animals and insects is said to be in balance. However, this natural balance does not apply to most land under cultivation, because many agricultural practices disturb the balance in nature.

Too often this result in loss of soil through erosion and cause the reduction of soil fertility. With good farming practices much can be done to restore the soil fertility.

Soil conservation includes all the agricultural practices that are employed in order to maintain or improve the soil. It is also necessary as farmers to learn about some soil and crop supervision practices that lead to soil infertility in order to avoid them from the extension workers through our groups.

Top soil is the first layer of the soil and dark in color because it contains humus and humus consists of materials from dead animal’s and plants that are partly decayed. The more humus in the top soil the more fertile the soil is. This is because humus gives the soil a good structure for air and water to penetrate. Top soil contains many nutrients that plants need and is often 20 – 30 cm deep.

Soil erosion is when the soil is moved away by either wind or water and every year tons of good top soil is washed away from the fields

It is by wind or rain. Washing away of top soil usually happens where the soil is bare and is worse on slopes and hill sides taking away all the humus necessary for our crops.

Avoid soil erosion by making contours and ridges in our gardens this will reduce chances of our top soil to wash away by the rain or wind. Plant trees around gardens to prevent wind which may cause soil erosionduring dry spells.

Sent by

Mulopi J.

CELAC   Mayuge District farmers net work.

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One response to this post.

  1. Wow! This blog looks exactly like my old one!
    It’s on a completely different subject but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Superb choice of colors!

    Reply

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