Choose the Right Plants

As explained by MULOPI JOSEPH, CHAIRPERSON CELAC FARMERS NETWORK

Farmers end up with poor harvest due to lack of knowledge to choose the right plants suitable to the type of soils.
Here are some tips on how to choose the right plants for the right soils.

ORGANIC FARMING
; using good methods is 95% of organic gardening. Plants want to grow and will if we give them the right conditions so choosing plants that are suited to their conditions and avoid those that present obvious problems. There is no point in trying to grow watermelons in a temperature climate, cornflowers in hot dry sandy soils. Grow plants that are suited to your soil and climate and they will succeed.

AVOID CHEMICALS; the convectional solution to pest and diseases lies heavly on sprays, which drech plants and soil poisons. Organic gardeners try instead to resist attacks in the first place by manipulating the natural system of checks and balances in their favour. Pesticides, even organic ones are used as a last resort.

CONTROLLING PESTS AND DISEASES; the aim of organic gardener is to control, not elimination. This makes life difficult for pests and disease thrive inspite of them. Organic gardeners aim to prevent pests and diseases from reaching a point where an organically approved pesticides might be needed by building up a wide variety of points by creating stable ecosystems and by encouraging predetors and parasites.

GROWING HEALTH PLANTS; The primary task in organic gardening is to grow health plants that resist attacks and endure minor infestations in much the same way that healthy humans shrung off a cold.

Of all the checks to grow, water imbalance is probably the most common. Desiccated plants will die but if they even reach wilt point their growth will be severely checked. Water logging can be equally serious especially in heavy rain areas. and over watering plants in dry seasons or plants in containers will be sickened. Air and light are also important factors in preventting infections each plant must be given sufficient space. Never crowd plants grow a few well rather than many poorly. Vigorous plants need prooning to allow air and light.

HYGIENE; Regular inspection of all plants of the garden followed by prompt action to remove affected materials, will help reduce further pests and disease attack. For example the removal of any infested tips controls aphid attack on beans, cabbages, and the prompt removal and burning or deep burial of infected branches prevents the spread of pests and diseases. Secateurs, saws, and knives should be sterilized to avoid cross-infection occuring.

It is good idea to keep things in propotion; the prime cause of losing the garden is bad weather such as over crowding and poor weed control. Pests come third; birds worst of all. Most other pests and diseases are far less common or troublesome.

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4 responses to this post.

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  3. Posted by nalumoso on December 25, 2012 at 8:24 am

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