How to Make a Vegetable Nursery Bed

By Mulopi Joseph, chairperson CELAC Mayuge farmers’ network

A nursery bed is a specially prepared portion of land put aside for raising seedlings. It acts as a temporary home for young plants until they are eventually planted in a permanent garden.
Seeds which need extra care should be grown in a nursery. Also, it is less costly to sprout your own plants especially vegetables ed to make a nursery bed

Fork :For removing any unwanted materials from the garden
Hoe:used for tilling and removal of weeds
Spade:for carrying soil,weeds a
Rake:Used to remove any unwanted rubbish
Water can:For watering the plants
String and sticks:For measuring to ensure proper spacing

Site selection
The nursery should:

Be located near the planting site so as the transplants are taken to the main garden without any damages that may be involved where distances are long.

  • Be located Near a water source because irrigation may be necessary
  • Be protected from strong wind

  • Not be located on a slope unless it is terraced since this may lead to erosion of not only the necessary top soil but the plants as well.
  • Face where sun comes from as crops need some sunlight for better growth
  • Not to be located in a water logged area

    Establishment preparation

  • Clear all the weeds and grass
  • Measure one meter wide of any convenience length
  • Dig it well
  • Fertilize each three meters square with one wheelbarrow of compost and sand to make a seven cm layer
  • Water the bed

    Planting seeds

  • Plant your seeds in rows
  • The lines must face where the sun raises from

  • Make the lines at a spacing of 15 cm apart
  • Use a string to make straight lines

  • The line must be 2 cm deep
  • The size of the seed is the size of soil you put or cover the seed with

  • Mulch the bed with dry grass, then water it using a watering can with a nozzle on it

    Germination

  • The seeds will start germinating after 5 – 7 days

  • Remove the grass and then put a shade over the bed
  • The bed is 1 m high, cover it with grass but let some sun light go through

    Watering

  • Water the bed whenever it is necessary
  • Avoid over watering the nursery bed for it can cause stress and compaction

    Results of water stress

  • Slows down photosynthesis
  • Wilting

  • Prevents adequate transport of nutrients

    Results of over watering

  • Compaction and suffocation
  • Creates an environment of damping off diseases

  • Also prevents transportation of nutrients
  • Leaching of nutrients from the soil

    Diseases caused by fungus

    Seed decay before germination

  • Seedling rot
  • Stem rot at the base

    Maintenance

  • Mulch the seed bed
  • Provide enough shade to the crop

  • In case of no or limited rain, provide water at dawn and dusk
  • Thin the crops properly
  • Remove weak seedlings and plant them in another bed

    Trans-planting
    Seedlings will be ready for trans-planting within 21 –30 days. So remove the shade a day before trans-planting as this gives the seedling chance to get used to the strong sun-shine. This term is referred to as hardening.Reduce water at this stage

  • Trans-plant early in the morning or late in the evening (from 6 – 10 am or 4 – 6pm)
  • Spacing will depend on the type and variety of the vegetable that has been planted

  • Water the plants as soon as trans-planting is done if planting has not been done during a rain season.
  • Protect young crops from animals like pigs by placing dry thorn tree branches around the garden.

    Nursery bed

    About these ads
  • 34 responses to this post.

    1. Please oh please keep writing! Your articles are wonderful!

      Reply

    2. Posted by Otuli Munlo on February 20, 2008 at 12:23 pm

      I would liek to use thsi article in a women’s supplement here in malaiw. Is that fine?

      Reply

    3. Posted by Otuli Munlo on February 20, 2008 at 12:23 pm

      I would like to use this article in a women’s supplement here in malawi. Is that fine?

      Reply

    4. Hallo Otuli Munlo
      It is okay that you can use the article provided that you state the source.

      Aside that, is your supplement online? Could we get copies or better still, can you avail us a URL to where we can access this and previous supplements? … Maria Nakirya – Program Manager, BROSDI

      Reply

    5. Posted by Ensa Touray on September 24, 2008 at 12:40 pm

      I would like to use your article to help us in designing a project for Women’s Horticultural Garden that we envisage to set up soon.

      Can I use it? How can we be in touch?

      Reply

    6. Posted by Daniel Kivaya - from Kenya on October 30, 2008 at 5:00 am

      Thank you for the good notes. I wish to make this observation, the hardening period given is so short and the seedlings are seriousily likely to have a great shock in the main field.
      Otherwise the notes are quite good.

      Reply

    7. Posted by Alex Suah Mulbah on August 24, 2009 at 3:07 pm

      thank you for your shared knowledge. this very good for the world as a whole.

      Reply

    8. Posted by ADEBISI WASIU on January 23, 2010 at 5:33 am

      ITS WONDERFUL,CAN DIS NURSERY BE USE FOR RAISING TREE CROP NURSERY?

      Reply

    9. Posted by N,Noel on May 25, 2010 at 6:56 am

      its nice articles please keep on wrtting so that we can facilitate our farmers in Tanzania

      Reply

    10. Posted by Noel on May 25, 2010 at 6:58 am

      its nice articles please keep on writting so that we can facilitate our farmers in Tanzania

      Reply

    11. Posted by AKORA .B on October 30, 2010 at 12:01 pm

      thanks for that good information you have prepared for us students who seek for such very important academic material. keep it up.

      Reply

    12. Posted by SAMEER on February 13, 2011 at 4:56 pm

      i would to interesed to grow comercial nurserybed,i have agriculture student please some guideline to initiate business in this segment.

      Reply

    13. Posted by SAMEER on March 13, 2011 at 6:05 am

      I would like to initiated nursury raising bussiness on commercial part of view & sellingg seedling in local market,crop like chilli,tobbaco,brinjal,tomato.
      Please help to send buyer list exporter list by mail.My nursury location charotar region-anand district-middle gujarat……….

      Reply

    14. Posted by jun on December 1, 2011 at 7:39 am

      Thank you so much for the information. It gives much idea.

      Reply

    15. Posted by Neyo90 on December 4, 2011 at 6:41 am

      Keep on writting your articles are great,kip it up.

      Reply

    16. Posted by Onen godfrey on December 19, 2011 at 7:54 pm

      Wonderful article.send more

      Reply

    17. Posted by Wilson on December 23, 2011 at 6:34 pm

      Hi an very grateful for information i got about seed bed thanks.

      Reply

    18. Posted by godspower on January 20, 2012 at 8:42 am

      pls i’ld like to have feeds of this website

      Reply

    19. Posted by Afetorgbor Stephen on February 23, 2012 at 12:10 am

      this is perfect guideline

      Reply

    20. Posted by Namuge Racheal on March 20, 2012 at 9:52 am

      i’ve really learnt alot from this article and would like 2 use it for an examinable presntation. is it okay?

      Reply

    21. Posted by noah on March 27, 2012 at 1:07 pm

      I really love your information.It is really useful for plant lovers like me.Keep on writing because i know that others out there would love your information.8)

      Reply

    22. Posted by Kyaka Alfred on June 28, 2012 at 5:35 pm

      The definition is superb.

      Reply

    23. Posted by Joseph Mulopi on August 11, 2012 at 10:07 am

      Dear readr i made a mistake with the hardenig part; i put a day which is not so, it is 7 days before transplantig……Mulopi Joseph.

      Reply

    24. Posted by kilama patrick otukene on September 26, 2012 at 11:33 am

      ooh wonderful page, pliz keep helping us , may i know the website of these page

      Reply

    25. Posted by dorothy moriango on November 8, 2012 at 3:07 pm

      hi, am a student doing a degree in agriculture. am doing my research and this information has been of great help, thank you

      Reply

    26. Posted by Morish on December 14, 2012 at 11:58 am

      Generally,i do appreciate that information so much as an agronomist that one contribute a lot to our farmers and hence their livelihood is to be improve much more better thanks and you must maintain that where possible you can invite us to give help Morish Agronomist at victoria seeds limited

      Reply

    27. Keep on advising us on how to make change on our gardens

      Reply

    28. all always be following u in each and every innovation that u will be coming up with

      Reply

    29. Posted by Henock fantahun on April 7, 2013 at 2:06 pm

      I appreatiated a lot for giving this information for better & clear understanding on how to prepare vegetable seed bed.

      Reply

    30. i love this, they find solution for my problems.

      Reply

    31. We thank you for the good work and wish to establish collaboration and astrong partnership in delivering services to ovcs and their households.
      Our website is http://www.faocug.org
      Thank you

      God bless you

      Boaz Buyinza
      Director
      Foundation for Aids orphaned children
      FAOC

      Reply

    32. Posted by nanyange gloria on September 30, 2013 at 7:22 pm

      It’s great information ,it was of great help

      Reply

    33. Posted by Opiyo Daniel on March 14, 2014 at 2:12 pm

      Wonderful explaination, but pliz may u add more about east-west orientation over north-south orientation of nurserybed?

      Reply

    Leave a Reply

    Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

    WordPress.com Logo

    You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

    Twitter picture

    You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

    Facebook photo

    You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

    Google+ photo

    You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

    Connecting to %s

    Follow

    Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

    %d bloggers like this: